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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2004)。職業分類資訊查詢系統。2008年12月22日,取自:
  2. 行政院勞工委員會(2000)。中華民國職業分類典。臺北:作者。
  3. 林信昌、臧國仁(2000)。新聞從業人員之工作倦怠現象:以臺北市平面媒體路線記者為例。新聞學研究,63,頁91-135。
  4. 陸洛、李惠美、謝天渝(2005)。牙醫師職業壓力與身心健康及職業倦怠之關係:以高雄市牙醫師為例。應用心理研究期刊,27,頁59-80。
  5. 莊惠婷 (2006)。高科技產業員工壓力來源、員工協助方案認知、自我效能與倦怠感關係。長榮大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊曉萍(2012)。工作倦怠、人格特質與情緒勞務之相關性研究-以桃園縣公、私立高中職教師為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-205。
  2. 謝曉榕(2012)。企業倫理價值對角色衝突、角色明確、工作耗竭與工作滿意度影響-以金融產業為例。朝陽科技大學保險金融管理系學位論文。2012。1-66。
  3. 李婉翠(2016)。不當督導前因後果之探討:以核心自我評價與知覺公平為干擾角色。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-127。
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