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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [20]郭大維,「論我國金融機構公司治理之強化」,第九輯第四期,台灣金融財務季刊,2008,第47-64頁。
  2. [27]A. Ishikawa, T. Amagasa, G.. Tamizawa, R. Totsuta, and H. Mieno, "The Max-Min Delphi Method and Fuzzy Delphi Method via Fuzzy Integration," Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 55, 1993, pp. 241-253.
  3. [28]H.S. Brown, M. de Jong, D.L. Levy, "Building institutions based on information disclosure: lessons from GRI’s sustainability reporting", Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 17, 2009, pp.571-580.
  4. [29]M. Friedman, "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Its Profits", The New York Times Magazine, 1970.
  5. [30]Michael E. Porter and Mark R. Kramer, "Strategy & Society: The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility", Harvard Business review, 2006.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳美芬(2013)。企業社會責任與永續經營之研究-以台灣產險業為例。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-185。 
  2. 陳怡惠(2013)。企業社會責任資訊揭露—台灣製造業、服務業、金融業前百大企業之比較研究。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-113。 
  3. 馬佳君(2015)。創辦人家族領導角色與企業社會責任。逢甲大學會計學系學位論文。2015。1-50。 
  4. 何兆中(2014)。臺灣保險業之企業社會責任策略研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-125。
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