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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [15] 林紀東,《中華民國憲法逐條釋義(一)》,台北市:三民,1998.9.,修訂8版。
  2. [16] 阿布朗(Charles Abrams)著,丁寒譯,《人人都要房子住-論現代城市住宅問題》(MAN'S STRUGGLE FOR SHELTER in an Urbanizing World),香港:今日世界社,1972.9.,再版。
  3. 政府委託研究計畫及出版品
  4. [41] 王敏順,〈Pahl都市管理主義涵構之評析〉,中華民國建築學會「建築學報」第19期,頁127~139,1996.12.。
  5. [42] 李台京,〈公共行政與公民社會〉,
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江秋君(2009)。以歷史變遷觀點探討社區營造方向。屏東科技大學景觀暨遊憩管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-86。 
  2. 陳明達(2008)。台灣社區總體營造政策變遷之研究─歷史制度論的觀點。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2008。1-346。
  3. 陳思潔(2011)。臺灣社區總體營造之研究-以新竹縣「內灣地區」為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-120。
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