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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁一顧(民93),臨床視導對國小實習教師教學效能影響之研究。台北市立師範學院國民教育所博士論文。
    2. 林若慧(民89),教學效能與訓練成效關係之探討。技術及職業教育雙月刊,59,14-18。
    3. 林清和(民83)。產學合作之特色。技術及職業教育雙月刊,23,32-35。
    4. 孟繼洛(民92)。產學合作的新思維。技術及職業教育雙月刊,76,17-20。
    5. 徐昊杲(民85),我國專科學校技職類科教師其教師效能感研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所博士論文。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張嘉慧(2015)。探討影響大學技術移轉關鍵之因素。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-192。 
    2. 洪明照(2014)。高中職餐飲科教師實務經驗影響教學效能關鍵因素之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-129。 
    3. 曹雅婷(2011)。高職餐飲科教師產業經驗與教學知能關係之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-79。 
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