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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] 李公哲、侯嘉洪、黃錦明、張蕙蘭,廢棄物焚化灰渣材料化技術研究專案計畫期末報告,國立台灣大學環境工程研究所,行政院環境保護署委託,2003。
  2. [7] 胡貴寶,「細粒徑都市垃圾焚化底渣以鳌合劑穩定搭配燒結資源化之研究」,淡江大學,碩士論文,2004。
  3. [15] 張哲銘,垃圾焚化底渣資源化前處理之研究–流體化床熱脫臭,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所,台北,2007。
  4. [17] 行政院環境保護署,98年度垃圾焚化場焚化灰渣管理及查核專案工作計畫,中興工程顧問股份有限公司,2009。
  5. [20] Astrup, T., “Pretreatment and utilization of waste incineration bottom ashes: Danish experiences”, Waste Management, Vol.27, 2007, pp.1452-1457.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃政隆(2014)。垃圾焚化底渣碳酸化浸漬穩定之研究。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-81。 
  2. 賴俊瑋(2012)。焚化飛灰資源化處理技術-氯含量與鉛重金屬削減之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-113。 
  3. 莊姿怡(2011)。探討高鹼度灰渣萃取液常見LDH細胞毒性值出現異常之成因。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2011。1-67。 
  4. 李茗家(2011)。垃圾焚化底渣資源化前處理之研究-加藥水洗對重金屬及異臭味之影響。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-153。
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