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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [10] 吳明雄、許碧珊、饒達欽、簡明忠、陳建宏、張中一、黃秀玉,「高職學生技術創造力指標建構之研究」,師大學報:教育類53(3),臺北,2008,第67頁。
  2. [11] 劉金山,「技職教育實務課程與人才培育」,技術及職業教育季刊,第一卷第三期,臺北,2011,第9、13頁。
  3. [15] 教育部,「建國百年技職教育專刊」,教育部技術及職業教育司,第28頁,臺北,2011,第90-91頁。
  4. [18] 姚立德、張仁家,「盤整技職教育,技專院校再出發」,技術及職業教育季刊,第一卷,第一期,臺北,2011,第21頁。
  5. [19] 陳怡容、徐明志,「從技職二元邁向生涯多元<談德國技術職業教育對台灣技職教育的啟示>」,中等教育,第60卷,第2期,臺北,2009,第82頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林生瑋(2014)。應用層級分析法評估建築競圖人員專業能力之研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-328。 
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