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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 林彬、游明敏、楊啟宏,應用DEA/AR模式評估港埠經營效率之研究-以基隆、台中及高雄三港為例,運輸計畫季刊,第35卷,第4期,2006,頁391-413。
  2. [8] 高強、黃旭男,管理績效評估-資料包絡分析法,台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司,2003。
  3. [9] 陳建文,醫院經營效率衡量模式建立-DEA、DEA-ANN、CART與Malmquist方法應用,碩士論文,台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所,台北,2008。
  4. [11] A. Amirteimoori and S. Kordrostami, "Prioritization method for frontier DMUs:A slack-based measure," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 174 , 2006, pp.409–418.
  5. [12] A. Assaf, K.M. Matawie, "Cost efficiency modeling in health care foodservice operations," International Journal of Hospitality Management, vol. 27, 2008, pp.604–613.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古明偉(2012)。自創品牌與產業聚集對經營績效之影響-以健身器材產業為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-112。 
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