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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王慧茹,第三類產品環境宣告差異性比較研究-以 TFT-LCD 產品模組為例,碩士論文,國立台灣科技大學環境工程與管理所,2009。
  2. 5. 林佩瑩、廖學誠,應用模糊德爾菲法分析高雄愛河綠廊功能之研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北,2008。
  3. 9. 高宗祺,參與災害應變工作非營利組織特性評估指標之探討,碩士論文,臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文,2006。
  4. 10. 陳怡錡,中小企業產業群聚網站之評估模式研究,碩士論文,臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文,2009。
  5. 12. 張有恆,運輸計畫評估與決策 :模糊理論之探討與應用,台北市,華泰文化事業股份有限公司,1998。
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