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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]蔡諭璋,「不同掘進機在卵礫石層線形控制之研究」,碩士論文,台北科技大學,台北,(2009)。
  2. [14]Terzaghi, K., and Ralph B. Peck, Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, John Wiley and Sons, New York,(1948)。
  3. [16]Broere W. Faassen T.F. Arends G. and van Tol A.F. (2007). “Modelling the Boring of Curves in (very) Soft Soils During Microtunnelling.” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 22 (5-6): 600-609.
  4. [17]Oreste P.P. Peila D. Marchionni V. and Sterling R. (2002). “Analysis of Problems Connected to the Sinking of Micro-TBMs in Difficult Grounds.” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 16 (S1): 33-45.
  5. [18]Mok Wilson W.S. Mak Maxwell K.W. and Poon Felix H.T. (2007). “Sewer Installation by Pipejacking in the Urban Areas of Hong Kong Part II – Performance of Works, Lessons Learned and Improvements Proposed.” The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers Transactions, Vol. 14 (1): 31-43.
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