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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 莊國昇,利用TRIZ方法及心智圖於機電實習,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學碩士機電整合研究所,台北,2011。
  2. 10. 林靜雯,由概念改變及心智模式初探多重類比對國小四年級學生電學概念學習之影響,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所,台北,2000。
  3. 11. 顏晴榮,電腦模擬教學在工科技術實習應用之探討,技術及職業教育,第39期,1997,第55-60頁。
  4. 52. 莊崇成,TINA與EWB在數位電路技術教學的實驗研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學工業教育研究所,台北,1999。
  5. 54. 錢秀梅,心智圖法教學方案對身心障礙資源班學生創造力影響之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所,台北,2001。
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