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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王邦雄(1983)。從中國現代化過程中看當代新儒家的精神開展。鵝湖雜誌,100
  2. 牟宗三(1996)。中西哲學之會通十四講。臺北市:臺灣學生。
  3. 朱廷獻(1981)。大學疑義考辨。收入國立高雄師範學院國文系編輯委員會編,大學論文資料彙編(頁193-199)。高雄市:復文。
  4. 何保中、陳俊輝、張鼎國、莊文瑞合譯(1986)。西方的智慧(原作者:Bertrand Russell)。臺北市:業強。(原著出版年:1959)。
  5. 唐君毅(1981)。大學辨證及格物致知思想之發展。收入國立高雄師範學院國文系編輯委員會編,大學論文資料彙編(頁1-52)。高雄市:復文。
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