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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [21] 王伶芳,高齡者長期照護機構寢室型態與使用行為之初探以高雄地區十三家護理之家為例,國立雲林科技大學工業設計研究所碩士論文,2006。
  2. [22] 王伶芳,護理之家高齡者日常生活行為與活動領域之研究,國立雲林科技大學設計學研究所博士論文,2006。
  3. [26] 李智勇,老人居住空間的改善設計實例,中原大學建築研究所碩士論文,2005。
  4. [28] 胡富傑,從老人公寓用後評估探討高齡者無障礙居住環境之建立,中原大學碩論,2001。
  5. [31] 董壽山,以環境行為觀點探討單身榮民宿舍之公共空間-以台北市某單身榮宿舍為例,中原大學建築研究所碩士論文,2004。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉郡宏(2009)。以Kano二維模式分析台灣老人公寓住宅品質之研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所學位論文。2009。1-94。 
  2. 顏麗蘋(2012)。都會高齡化社區之友善服務計畫-以台北市青田社區為例。臺灣師範大學設計研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-124。
  3. 疏冠智(2013)。台灣銀髮族對建築需求所面對的問題及改善之道。朝陽科技大學營建工程系學位論文。2013。1-49。
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