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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. [16] 蕭弘清、楊瑞錶、陳俊典,「台灣地區各級學校教室照明現況與改善方案研究」,照明學刊,台灣照明學會,11期第4卷,第12~22頁,民國83年
    2. [32] 洪國豪,學校教室照明燈具設計之研究,國立台北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所碩士論文,民國95年。
    3. 參考文獻
    4. 一、書籍
    5. [1] 周鼎金,學校教室照明設計手冊之研訂,台北:內政部建研所,民國85年。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 周宜靜(2010)。學校教室橫向配置燈具設計之研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-78。 
    2. 江欣政(2014)。間接照明與直接照明之明亮感分析。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2014。1-102。 
    3. 陳勇偈(2013)。直接與間接照明佈光形式對空間主觀評價的影響。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。 
    4. 林諺宏(2011)。高亮度發光二極體照明設計。崑山科技大學電子工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-68。
    5. 詹曜陽(2012)。教室照明系統經濟評估。崑山科技大學電子工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-66。
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