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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王惠美(2010)。技術校院美容系科之創業能力研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 行政院(2005)。挑戰2008:國家發展重點計畫(2002-2007)。臺北市:行政院。
  3. 何育真(2009)。B.Reimer「美感教育」與D.J.Elliott「實踐哲學」立論分析之研究。國立師範大學音樂教育組博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 李雄揮(1979)。蔡元培美感教育思想研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究
  5. 邱淑萍(2009)。時尚整體造型相關科系學生時尚素養之研究—以南部大專院校為例。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡昕璋(2017)。社區大學教師教學知能、美感素養與教學工作滿意度之關係研究:以臺北市社區大學為例。臺北藝術大學藝術與人文教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-249。
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