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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 田逸星(2001)。台灣中藥製造業經營策略之探討。碩士論文,國立成功大學工業管理科學研究所,台南。
  2. [7] 巫世榮(2008)。國內照明產業用續經營的關鍵成功因素。碩士論文,國立台北大學企業管理研究所,台北。
  3. [10] 李其昌(2008) 。塑化產業提升經營績效關鍵成功因素之探討-以某企業為例。碩士論文,國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所,台北。
  4. [11] 李慧菁(2005)。資訊科技產業產品研發專案關鍵成功因素之研究-AHP方法之應用。碩士論文,大同大學事業經營研究所,台北。
  5. [13] 林余福(2008)。幼教事業關鍵成功因素之研究。碩士論文,國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃佳琪(2017)。少子化趨勢下補習班發展之競爭優勢。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2017。1-68。
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