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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王如哲(2008)。走在十字路口的台灣高等教育:破迷思、展契機。發表於台灣教育政策與評鑑學會、財團法人高等教育評鑑中心基金會及台北市立教育大學教育行政與評鑑研究所主辦之「教育政策與評鑑新議題:對新政府的教育期許學術研討會」,台北市。
  2. 王保進(2006a)。大學校院系所自我評鑑實務。發表於社團法人台灣評鑑協會主辦之「如何進行自我評鑑研討會」,台北縣。
  3. 王保進(2006b)。標竿取向的高等教育評鑑標準設計之研究。教育研究月刊,142,頁9-32。
  4. 江愛華(2007)。澳洲高等教育品質保證制度:背景、政策與架構。台北市:高等教育。
  5. 吳政達(2003)。國民小學教師評鑑政策之可行性評估。初等教育學刊,15,頁83-107。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳孟婷(2013)。我國大學校務自我評鑑機制實施現況研究。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2013。1-326。
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