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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 16 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5]Philip Naughton, Measurement of Conservation of Energy by Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment and setting of targets for improvements, IEEE International Symposium on Semiconductor Manufacturing (ISSM 2005), 2005, San Jose, 7-14.
  2. [6]鄭淙翾,高科技廠房全年能源消耗計算與軟體開發,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學能源與冷凍空調工程所,台北,2011年。
  3. [7]ASHRAE, ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineering Inc., Atlanta, 2005, P6.1-6.17.
  4. [9]F.C. McQuiston, J.D. Parker, J.D. Spitler, Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning: Analysis and Design, 6th Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., U.S.A. 2005.
  5. [11]ASHRAE, INTERNATIONAL WEATHER FOR NEERGY CALCULATIONS (IWEC WEATHER FILES) USER’S MANUAL, American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers, 2001, P20.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐榮生(2014)。廠務設備能源轉換係數之建立及其於節能之應用:以中小尺寸面板廠為研究標的。臺北科技大學優質電力供電產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2014。1-63。
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