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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.Development), U.U.N.D.f.S., Report of the global conference on the sustainable development of small island developing states. Bridgetown, Barbados, 1994.
  2. 5.劉坤億, 全球化在地化: 政府治理角色的轉變. 研考雙月刊, 2007. 31(5):
  3. 10.吳牧學, 台灣文化產業特性與產業關聯之研究, 都市計劃學系碩博士班. 2005, 國立成功大學: 台南市. p. 133.
  4. 19.張曉筠, 傳統包裝與綠色設計交集下之使用哲學,設計研究所. 2009, 朝陽科技大學. p. 143.
  5. 20.張聖儀, 蘭嶼在地產業界發展生態旅遊態度與策略聯盟意向探討, 自然資源與環境管理研究所. 2009, 國立台北大學. p. 105.
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