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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]. Ahmed, K.M., Bhattacharya, P., Hasan, M.A., Akhter, S.H., Alam, S.M.M., Bhuyian, M.A.H., Iman, M.B., Khan, A.A., and Sracek, O., 2004. Arsenic enrichment in groundwater of the alluvial aquifers in Bangladesh: an overview. Applied Geochemistry 19, 181-200.
  2. [2]. Ayotte, J.D., Montgomery, D.L., Flanagan, S.M. and Robinson, K.W., 2003. Arsenic in groundwater in Eastern New England: occurrence, controls, and human health implications. Environmental Science and Technology 37, 2075-2083.
  3. [3]. Berg, M., Stengel, C. and Trang, P.T.K., 2007. Magnitude of arsenic pollution in the Mekong and Red river deltas Cambodia and Vietnam. The Science of the Total Environment 372, 413-425.
  4. [4]. Bergur, S., Sigurdur, R.G., and Andrew, A.M., 2011. A field and reactive transport model study of arsenic in a basaltic rock aquifer, Applied Geochemistry 26, 553-564.
  5. [6]. Demesmay, C., Olle, M. and Porthault, M., 1994. Arsenic speciation by coupling high-performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 348, 205-210.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子喬(2013)。不同灌溉制度對地下水補注之影響評估。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2013。1-77。 
  2. 王勁壬(2013)。模擬北投關渡地區砷之宿命及水文地質化學傳輸。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2013。1-120。 
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