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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【3】楊家豪,LED照明器具製造業基本資料,台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫,2012
  2. 【5】Shimizu, R., KayoSawada, “Supercritical fluid extraction of rare elements from luminescent material in waste fluorescent lamps,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, vol. 33, pp.235-241, 2005.
  3. 【7】Massari, S., Ruberti, M., “Rare earth elements as critical raw materials: Focus on international markets and future strategies,”Resources Policy, 2012.
  4. 【13】Zhanheng, C., “Global rare earth resources and scenarios of future rare earth industry,” Journal of Rare Earths, vol. 29, pp. 1, 2011.
  5. 【17】陳韋佑,兩岸城市採礦發展潛力分析之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學,臺北,2012年
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭建宏(2014)。稀土資源回收技術之環境衝擊與碳足跡評估-以螢光粉回收釔、銪為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-108。
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