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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] Commons, J. R.,“Institutional Economics: Its Place in Political Economy”, 1934
  2. [4] Edward和Chevrolet Zuo, 供應鏈高績效管理,美商麥格羅希爾國際股份有限公司,林怡萱譯,2003
  3. [14] 劉穎謙、陳耀茂,「利用AHP探討廠商建立品牌形象之決策分析-以高科技產業為例」,中華民國品質學會第40屆年會 高雄市分會第30屆年會暨第10屆全國品質管理研討會論文集,高雄市,p.65-77,2004。
  4. [26] 蘇郁琇,「台灣地區企業採用企業資源規劃系統(ERP)之影響因素研究」,1998
  5. [29] Buyya, R., Yeo, C. S., Venugopal, S., Broberg, J. and Brandic, I., “Cloud Computing and Emerging IT Platforms: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering Computing as the 5th Utility,” Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 25, No.6, pp. 599- 616, 2009
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡峻弘(2012)。企業雲端應用服務採用之決策分析。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2012。1-117。 
  2. 陳怡蘋(2014)。虛擬社群網站服務品質量表發展與驗證-顧客關係管理觀點。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-84。
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