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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王如哲(2010)。解析「學生學習成效」。評鑑雙月刊,27,2012年10月19日,取自:
  2. 行政院勞委會職訓局(2009)。行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局產業人才投資方案(產業人才投資計畫)成果報告。勞委會職訓局。
  3. 吳俊儀(2004)。應用專題導向學習在高中生活科技教學之學習成效研究-以水壓式步行器之教學為例。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 李再長、黃麗鴦 (2007)。在職人士進修之學習動機、學習滿意度及學習績效之相關研究—以成人碩士在職專班為例。國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系專班,未出版,台南市。
  5. 李建霖(2010)。學習滿意度衡量尺度、構面之理論與相關實證研究。屏東教大體育,13,108-115。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃郁婷(2006)。國中學生文化資本、同儕互動及內化判準對寫作動機與作文品質的影響。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-126。
  2. 江佩娟(2011)。外在因素對自然科學習成就之影響—以桃園市桃園國中七年級學生為例。大同大學生物工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-50。
  3. 陳軒德(2011)。網路2.0合作學習對國小高年級學童學習效果之研究。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2011。1-155。
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