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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 175 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 天下雜誌編輯部(2006)。為什麼要上大學?天下雜誌,360,24。
  2. 江文雄(主編)(1999)。技術及職業教育概論。臺北市:師大書苑
  3. 吳明隆(2004)。知識經濟時代對學校創新經營的啟示。學校行政,31,134-146。
  4. 吳清山(2004)。學校創新經營的理念與策略。教師天地,128,30-44。
  5. 吳清山(2005b)。循序漸進推動教師換證、評鑑及進階制度。師友,461,7-11。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱秀玲(2008)。教育大學組織創新文化與行政創新經營成效關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-191。 
  2. 楊曼玉(2008)。桃園縣國民中學組織創新氣氛與教師教學創新關聯性之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-208。 
  3. 陳韋伊(2008)。國民中學教師專業共同職能之探討。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-149。
  4. 王甄蔓(2012)。高中職學校創新經營策略之研究–以獲得教育部校長領導卓越獎為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-199。
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