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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 李文生,「變飽和地下水流數值模式之研究」,國立臺灣大學土木工程研究所博士論文,2005年,第3-1,3-2,3-43頁,第5-1頁,第6-1-6-5頁•
  2. 8. 周憲德、廖偉民,「孔隙水壓對溪床土石流發生機制之影響」,中華水土保持學報,第二十九卷,第三期,1998年,第211-217頁。
  3. 10. 林炳森、馮賜陽、李俊明,「礫石層土石流發生特性之研究」,中華水土保持學報,第二十四卷,第一期,1993年,第55-64頁。
  4. 11. 林美聆、王幼行,「地表水及地下水對土石流破壞型態之影響」,地工技術,第七十四期,1999年,第29-38頁。
  5. 18. 張守陽、陳主惠、周憲德、李伯亨,「入滲效應與土石流發生臨界雨量線之研究」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第十七卷第一期,109-119,2005年3月。
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