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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 301 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.張仁平(2013)。〈發明專利審查基準之修正與審查實務變革─修訂篇〉,《智慧財產權月刊》,171期,頁5-85。
  2. 11.游雅晴(2009)。〈有關手段功能用語申請專利範圍之法律適用-兼論智慧財產法院98年度民專上易字3號民事判決〉,《華人前瞻研究》,5卷2期,頁143-153。
  3. 18.簡秀如(2013)。〈專利說明書撰寫方式不理想,未必即欠缺「明確性」要件〉,《理律法律雜誌雙月刊》,102年5月號,頁3-4。
  4. 19.簡秀如(2013)。〈智慧財產法院對於手段功能用語請求項是否欠缺「明確性」之最新判斷〉,《理律法律雜誌雙月刊》,102年3月號,頁5-7。
  5. 7.蘇仁濬(2011)。《專利法揭露要求之研究》,臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所碩士論文。
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