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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. history﹝WWW document﹞.
  2. Gagne, R. M.(1974). Essential of Learning for Instruction. New York: Dryden press.
  3. 壹、中文部份
  4. 內政部職業訓練局(2004)。技能競賽職類技術研討報告書。臺北:內政部職業訓練局。
  5. 王文科編譯(1990)。質的教育研究法。台北:師大書院。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高淑品(2010)。國際廚藝技能競賽選手創造思考歷程之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-155。 
  2. 曾素美(2015)。國際技能競賽美髮選手參與經驗之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-75。 
  3. 許秀婉(2010)。國際技能競賽指導教師教學專業知識之個案研究-以冷凍空調職類為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-281。
  4. 張嘉恩(2010)。高職餐飲科學生的成就動機與思考風格及其關係之研究。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-132。
  5. 蔡承璋(2013)。工科技藝競賽題型分析與選手培訓之研究-以工業配線職種為例。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2013。1-140。
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