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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Barbe, Donald, Needham, Willian J. and McCorquodale, Alex, "Simulated Flooding of a New Watershed Caused by Precipitation from Hurricanes Fran and Danny," Urban Drainage Modeling, 2001, pp.408-417.
  2. [5] Mahdi, Moradi-Jalal and Abbas, Afshar, "Optimal Design and Operation of Irrigation Pumping stations," Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, vol. 129, no. 3, 2003, pp.149-154.
  3. [6] Sands, R. J., Chang, C. C., and McDonald, J. M., " Storm Water Management Study Flooding of the South Bronx, NYC," Global Solutions for Urban Drainage, 2002, pp.1-9.
  4. [7] Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano*, M. Angel Saz-Sanchez, Jose M. Cuadrat, "Comparative analysis of interpolation methods in the middle Ebro Valley (Spain): application to annual precipitation and temperature," vol.24, 2003, pp.161-180.
  5. [9] Tarquin, Anthony J. and Dowdy, Jack , "Optimal Pump Operation in Water Distribution Journal of Hydraulic Engineering," vol.115, no. 2, 1989, pp. 158-168.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭美麗(2014)。抽水站聯合運轉最佳操作時機探討-以林邊鄉A幹線抽水站及放索溝抽水站為例。屏東科技大學土木工程系所學位論文。2014。1-96。 
  2. 楊舜年(2015)。建立颱洪時期抽水站智慧型最佳化操作規則。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-126。 
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