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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]王俊傑、黃士滔,「淋浴柱產品開發之研究—結合因素分析、聯合分析與網路程序分析法」,工程科技與教育學刊,第四卷,第一期,2007,第42-56頁。
  2. [5]王如玉,農業研究人員創新技術有償移轉意願影響因素之探討,碩士論文,國立中興大學學生物產業推廣暨經營學系碩士班,台中,2009。
  3. [6]文長安、劉國鎮,餐飲管理概論,第四屆餐飲管理學術研討會論文集,台北:中國飲食基金會,1999。
  4. [11]江宗錫,台北地區簡餐業的關鍵成功經營因素,碩士論文,私立淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班,台北,2010。
  5. [14]林宗明,管理問題因果複雜度分析模式建立之研究—以Dematel為方法論,碩士論文,國立中原大學企業管理學系,中壢,2005。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊麒穎(2013)。連鎖餐飲業員工訓練溝通之研究-以速食業為例。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-92。 
  2. 蔡蕙如(2013)。以類神經網路探討價格促銷組合對網路消費者購買意願的影響-以服裝購物網為例。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-77。 
  3. 林宥姍(2011)。應用層級分析法建構連鎖餐飲業加盟評估量表。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2011。1-89。
  4. 李天行(2012)。連鎖KTV展店評估模式之研究。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2012。1-180。
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