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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 萬文隆,深度訪談在質性研究中的應用,生活科技教育月刊,第37卷第4期,第17-23頁,2004。
  2. [17] Jack L. Nasar,THE EVALUATIVE IMAGE OF THE CITY,London:Sage Publications ,1997。
  3. [18] Kevin Lynch , The Image of the City,1960。
  4. [20] 王小璘,「都市公園綠量視覺評估之研究」,設計學報,第四卷,第1期,1999,61-90。
  5. [21] 宋威穎、雷文谷、沈益如,「後豐鐵馬道遊客環境知覺對行為意圖之影響」,運動事業管理學術研討會論文集,第8期,2009,139-148。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李吉思(2013)。通用設計理念應用於開放空間改善之研究-以國立臺北科技大學為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-92。 
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