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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張天鈞主編(2005)內科學p.998-1005 橘井文化事業股份有限公司 台北
  2. 陳怡亨、林麗嬋(2005)促進機構安全的關鍵:感染管制計畫,長期照護雜誌,p.233-44
  3. Arunachalam K, Gill HS, Chadra RK.(2000)Enhancement of natural immune function by dietary consumption of Bifidobacterium lactis(HNO19). Eur J Clin Nutr 54:1–5.
  4. Arabi Y, Dimock F, Burdon DW, Alexander-Williams J and Keighley M R B. (1979) Influence of neomycin and metronidazole on colonic microflora of volunteers. J. Antimicrob. Chemother 5, 531-7
  5. Bernet MF, Brassart D, Neeser JR, and Servin AL. (1994)Lactobacillus acidophilus LA 1 binds to cultured human intestinal cell lines and inhibits cell attachment and cell invasion by enterovirulent bacteria. Gut 35:483-9
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭慧薰(2011)。攝取含三種益生菌脫脂奶對血脂質調節之影響。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2011。1-51。 
  2. 楊雅嵐(2012)。優酪乳的生理功能。大同大學生物工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-54。
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