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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方亞芸、邱艷芬(2005)。國際護理作業分類系統之臨床適用性評估-台灣ICNP臨床測試計畫。實證護理,1(2),77-89。
  2. 台北榮總護理部研究發展委員會(2001)。國際護理作業分類系統簡介。榮總護理,18(3),327-328。
  3. 吳婉如、陳季員、陳彰惠(2009)。電腦護理記錄的基石--標準化護理語言。護理雜誌,56(5),75-79。
  4. 吳麗芬、蔡欣玲、尹祚芊(2002)。護理作業分類系統Beta版之臨床測試—一位加護病房個案之護理紀錄。護理雜誌,39(3),77-82。
  5. 侯宜菁、游惠珠、陳建民、吳榮軒、藍敏芳、黃月嬌(2010)。護理評估資訊系統使用前後對護理紀錄時間及紀錄品質成效之探討。源遠護理,4(1),11-20。
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