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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. Arima, H.; Danno, G., Isolation of antimicmbial compounds from guava (Psidium guajava L.) and their structural elucidation. Biosei Biotechnol Bio-them 2002, 66, 1727-1730
  2. 9. Rattanachaikunsopon, Pongsak, Phumkhachorn, Parichat., Contents and antibacterial activity of flavonoids extracted from leaves of Psidium guajava. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 2010, 4, 393-396.
  3. 13. Mukhtar, H. M.; Ansari, S. H., Ali, M., Naved, T.; Bhat, Z. A., Effect of water extract of Psidium guajava on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Pharmazie 2004, 59, 734–735.
  4. 16. Cheng, J. T.; Yang, R. S., Hypoglycemic effect of guava juice in mice and human subjects. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 1983, 11, 74–76
  5. 18. Conde Gareia, E. A.; Naacimento, V. T.; Santiago Santos, A. B., Inotrepic effects of extracts of Psidium guajava L. (guava) leaves on the guinea pig atrium. Braz J Med Biol Res 2003, 36, 661-668
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭景鴻(2012)。台灣山芙蓉與菲律賓千斤拔降血糖活性成分之探討。臺北醫學大學生藥學研究所學位論文。2012。1-236。 
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