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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白玉珠、徐南麗、汪蘋(1999)•某醫學中心護理人員自評之護理能力•
  2. 呂明蕙、盧美秀、陳品玲、李麗傳(2003)•護理長向下影響行為之探討:比較護理長自覺與護理人員知覺之差異•新臺北護理期刊,5(1),37-46。
  3. 杜金錠、盧美秀、陳品玲、鄭綺、徐南麗(2002)•護理長管理自我效能與管理成效間之相關研究•新臺北護理期刊,4(1),65-76。
  4. 林秋芬、盧美秀、康偉玲(2004)•護理能力標準:國際版與台灣版之
  5. 莊美華、李紀慧、林俊龍(2005)•藥師減少可預防性用藥疏失所扮演之角色•慈濟醫學,17(4),29-34。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芳如(2011)。台中地區護理人員執業環境、家庭支持與職業倦怠之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。 
  2. 仲偉靜(2016)。人力留任策略對教學醫院護理人員工作滿意度的影響。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
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