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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱峻賢(2010)。軍方及非軍方醫院的權屬別特性與肺炎病人於住院期間死亡之關係探討。臺北醫學大學,臺北市。
  2. 林世雄與戴任恭(2009)。兒童細菌性社區感染型肺炎併發症。中華民國兒童胸腔醫學會雜誌。6卷1期。頁16-23。
  3. 林宣辰(2011)。1997-2008年台灣地區因細菌性肺炎住院之流行病學特徵及其影響。國立成功大學,台南市。
  4. 黃馨玉(2006)。可避免住院之研究-以細菌性肺炎為例。國立台灣大學,臺北市。
  5. 褚嘉慧(2009)。急性中耳炎患者抗生素處方遵從度與預後之相關研究-以某醫學中心耳鼻喉科為例。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
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