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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署:教學醫院教學費用補助計畫護理類訓練綱要。2009.11.12。
  2. 于漱、顧乃平(1998)•不同年級護理人員學士學位進修班PGY學員之護理能力比較及其改變情形•護理研究,6(2),121-136。
  3. 于潄(1993).不同性別護生的人格特質、對護理形象看法與護理能力之比較研究.護理研究,1(3),205-217。
  4. 于潄、馬鳳歧(1993).不同學制應屆畢業生護理能力之比較與相關因素分析之研究.護理研究,1(1),35-49。
  5. 毛新春(1988).醫學院護理學系畢業生臨床護理能力評量表之設計.醫學研究,9(1),15-37。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡淑芳(Shu-Fang Tsai);林麗英(Lih-Ying Lin)(2013)。護理臨床教師對二年期護理師訓練成效之評價。醫務管理期刊。14(3)。196-213。 
  2. 徐永堂(2017)。顧客滿意度影響來源之研究─以醫病關係為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系台灣產業策略發展博士班學位論文。2017。1-116。
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