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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何華欽、趙善如(2010)•單親家庭家長心理幸福感模型之研究:以屏東縣原住民與非原住民為例•臺大社會工作學刊,(22),1-52。
  2. 余民寧、謝進昌、林士郁、陳柏霖 & 曾筱婕(2011)•教師主觀幸福感模式建構與驗證之研究•測驗學刊,58(1),55-85。
  3. 宋怡慧、王藍浣、黃雅淑 & 徐永玟(2008)•台灣五歲極低體重早產兒發展初探•職能治療學會雜誌,26(1),1-18。
  4. 李新民、陳密桃(2009)•實用智能、緣分信念與心理健康、工作表現之相關:以幼兒教師為例•中華心理學刊,48(2),183-202 。
  5. 吳偉琳(2006)•早產及低出生體重新生兒之危險因素分析:單、雙、多胞胎之影響,未出版碩士論文,台北:台灣大學護理系。
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