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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. JA, Marie A, and Pelletier KR (1998) A review of the incorporation of com-plementary and alternative medicine by mainstream physicians. Arch Intern Med., 158:2303-2310.
  2. Berman BM, Singh BB, Hartnoll SM (1998) Primary care physicians and complementary or alternative medicine: training, attitudes, and practice patterns. J Am Board Fam Pract, 11:272-281.
  3. Chan H, Yeh YY, Billmeier GJ and Evans WE (1977) Lead poisoning from ingestion of chinese herbal medicine. Clin Toxicol, 10:273-281.
  4. Chan SM, Zhang ZW, Shinichiro Shimbo, and Takao Watanabe (1995) Dietary intake of cadmium and lead among the general population in Korea. Environ Res., 71:46-54.
  5. Chan YK and Critchley AJH (1996) Usage and adverse effects of some chinese herbal medicines. Hum Exp Toxicol, 15:5-12.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姜義峰(2007)。以液相微萃取法搭配多元素石墨爐原子吸收光譜儀偵測水樣中的鉛、鎘元素。清華大學化學系所學位論文。2007。1-71。 
  2. 陳明君(2008)。胎便中金屬濃度與新生兒生長狀況之相關研究。臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所學位論文。2008。1-87。 
  3. 劉俊宏(2009)。台灣臍帶血中微量元素與重金屬濃度分布情形。國立臺灣大學職業醫學與工業衛生研究所學位論文。2009。1-75。 
  4. 許佩雯(2008)。中藥健康風險評估模式之建立-以二十六種藥材為例。亞洲大學保健營養生技學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-80。
  5. 范純華(2009)。母親國籍、生活習慣與胎兒金屬累積暴露之相關研究。臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所學位論文。2009。1-101。
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