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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻 Andreasen JO and Andreasen FM. Textbook and color atlas of traumatic injuries to the teeth. Mosby Co., Missouri. 1994:171-175
  2. Dental anatomy, Physiology and occlusion. 7th ed. W.B. Saunders Co., MO 1993 Bobak V, Christiansen RL, Hollister SJ and Kohn DH. Stress-related molar responses to the transpalatal arch: A finite element analysis. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop 1997;112:512-518
  3. Chu CS, Lin MS, Huang HM and Lee MC. Finite element analysis of cerebral contusion. J Biomech 1994;27:187-194
  4. Cohen S and Burns RC. Pathway of the pulp 6th ed., Mosby Co., Missouri. 1994 Craig RG, Peyton FA and Johnson DW. Compressive properties of enamel, dentin cements and gold. J Dent Res 1961;40:936-945
  5. Craig RG and Peyton FA. Elastic and mechanical properties of human teeth. J Dent Res 1958;37:710-718
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余俊杰(2001)。不同模擬形式與程度的齒槽骨缺損對牙齒動搖度之共振響應分析。臺北醫學大學牙醫學系碩博士班學位論文。2001。1-131。
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