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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛家舲.張玨(民85).倫理困境與護理決策過程.護理雜誌,43(1),40-45。
  2. 尹萍譯 約翰奈思比著(民88).高科技.高思維.台北:時報。 朱建民(民85).專業倫理教育的理論與實踐.通識教育季刊,3(2),33-56。
  3. 李亦園(民88).田野圖像:我的人類學生涯.台北:立緒文化。 李明濱(民86).病人自主與知情同意.醫學教育,1(4),377-387。
  4. 林春香(民84).護理人員對末期病患自動出院過程之護理.倫理與民俗考量.護理雜誌,42(3),78-83。
  5. 林志明譯 Michel. Foucault 著(民87).古典時代瘋狂史.台北:時報。 邱泰源(民87).緩和醫療癌末照顧之倫理困境. 應用倫理研究通訊, 8,26-30。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王璽惠(2007)。大學學生團體領導人道德兩難情境及其做決定歷程之質性研究--以一所私立大學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-212。
  2. 廖珮君(2011)。精神科護士在護病關係中的組織認同與權力現象。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-209。
  3. 林素真(2011)。醫師開立診斷書之困擾與相關問題探討。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-113。
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