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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中文部份 王丹江、祝豐年、李克威、陳麗美、謝士明(1991).後龍地區高血壓及糖尿病流行病學調查:(1)後龍地區歲以上居民高血壓盛行率調查.醫學研究,11(附錄),135-145。
    2. 呂寶靜(1998).老人非正式和正式照顧體系關係之初探:從家人和日托中心工作員協助項目的比較分析出發.社會政策與社會工作學刊,2(1),3-38。
    3. 林麗嬋、歐美、吳肖琪(1997).長期照顧中主要照顧者之家庭功能社會支持與情緒.護理研究,5(1),77-87。
    4. 吳淑瓊、賴惠玲、江東亮(1994).影響社區老人對護理之家意願的因素.中華衛誌,13(5),388-394。
    5. 吳淑瓊(1998).老人長期照護政策評估.社會福利,138,2-9。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭妃閔(2011)。接受記憶門診或其他治療的失智症家庭照顧者負荷之比較。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-162。 
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