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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王璟璇、王瑞霞、林秋菊(1998) . 門診診斷初期非胰島素依賴型糖尿病患者的自我照顧行為及其相關因素之探討.護理雜誌, 45(2), 60-74
  2. 行政院衛生署 (2000) . 生命統計. 台北:行政院衛生署 行政院衛生署 (2000) . 氣喘診療指引. 台北:衛生署 宋素珍(1997) . 臨床護理人員健康促進生活型態及其相關因素之探討.未發表之碩士論文, 高雄醫學大學護理研究所. 吳家興、林瑞雄、謝貴雅、邱文達、陳麗美、邱淑堤、黃國晉、劉文良、邱宏毅、蕭慧娟、方淑慧、陳雄文、林嘉明、宋鴻樟 (1998) . 台灣北部國中學生氣喘盛行率調查. 中華衛誌, 17(3),214-223.
  3. 李彩華(1998). 台北市國中學生身體活動量及其影響因素研究. 未發之碩士論文,國立師範大學體育研究所. 林香汶、郭壽雄 (1999) . 淺談氣喘病患教育. 台灣醫學, 3(4), 470-473.
  4. 邱啟潤、柯任桂 (2000) . 健康相關的飲食與運動行為自我量表信度效度之評估. 護理研究, 8(3), 301-311.
  5. 洪兆嘉(1997).系統性護理指導對氣喘患童母親協助藥物使用的成效探討.未發表之碩士論文,國立台灣大學護理研究所. 洪麗玲(1996).衛生教育介入對某護專學生健康促進生活方式成效之研究.未發表之碩士論文,長庚醫學暨工程學院護理研究所. 洪麗玲、高淑芬 (1997) . 五專學生健康行為自我效能與健康促進生活方式之探討. 長庚護理, 8(3), 52-65.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾秀蘭(2002)。家長對氣喘兒童身體活動支持情形及相關因素研究。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系學位論文。2002。1-116。
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