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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李茹萍、邱艷芬(1998).肺結核病人之服藥遵從性.護理雜誌,45(1), 63-67。
  2. 林佳靜、陳淑如、謝麗鳳(1997).疼痛護理.護理雜誌,44(1),37-47。
  3. 林佳靜(2000).止痛藥使用的問與答.台北:台北醫學大學。 邱泰源(1997).癌症末期疼痛控制.中華民國安寧照顧基金會會訊,25,29-38
  4. 梁淑媛、林佳靜、陳品玲、劉淑娟(2000).癌症病人及其家屬對癌痛及其影響感受之比較.新台北護理期刊,2(2),17-28。
  5. 劉淑娟(1999).罹患慢性病老人服藥遵從行為及相關因素之探討.護理研究,7(6),581-592。
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