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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. J. J. Aramini, C. Stephen, J. P. Dubey, C. Engelstoft, H. Schwantje and C.S. Ribble: Potential contamination of drinking water with Toxoplasma gondii oocysts: Epidemiol. Infect. 122 305 315, 1999.
  2. 4. Decker CF, Tauzon CU: Toxoplasmosis. In: An up-date on clinical and therapeutic Aspects, (Sun T ed.), Springer Verlag, New York, 1st ed.: 21-42, 1993.
  3. 8. Doehring E, Reiter-Owona I, Bauer O, Kaisi M, Hlobil H, Quade G, Hamudu NA, Seitz HM: Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in pregnant women and their newborns in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.Am J Trop Med Hyg 52: 546-548, 1995.
  4. 12. Huldt G, Langercrantz R, Sheere PR: Study on the epidemiology of toxoplasmosis in Scandinavia. Acata Pediatrica Scandinavia 68: 745-749, 1979.
  5. 13. Woldemichael T, Fontanet AL, Sahlu T, Gilis H, Messele T, Tobias F, de Wit R, Yeneneh H, Coutinho RA, van Gool T: Evaluation of the Eiken latex agglutination test for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and seroprevalence of Toxoplasms infection among factory workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Trans Roy Soc Trop Med Hyg 92: 401-403, 1998.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪世恩(2015)。貓弓蟲症抗體陽性率調查與診斷試劑研發。屏東科技大學獸醫學系所學位論文。2015。1-50。 
  2. 蔡裕仁(2011)。犬毛囊蟲相關性研究與臺灣地區本土性動物(羊、豬、犬、鴿)弓蟲疾病調查。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2011。1-87。 
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