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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐純慧(1986). 工作取向領導行為與部屬工作績效及上司滿足感之關係-台灣地區醫院基層護理工作人員領導行為之實證分析. 台北:華泰。 陳滋茨、張媚和林豔君(1998).自我效能、社會支持與糖尿病病人居家自我照顧行為相關之探討.護理研究,6(1),31-42。
  2. 張峰紫和林秋菊(1992).以自我效力評估胰島素依賴型糖尿病患者之自我照顧情形.Kaohsiung J Med Sci,13,351-359。
  3. 蔡青宏(1996). 企業主管領導效能評量之研究. 國立成功大學企管研究所碩士論文。 簡寶珍和王瑞霞(1997).肥胖國中生的體重控制自覺自我效力及其相關因素.護理研究,5(5),401-412。
  4. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist ,37(2),122-147.
  5. Bandura, A. (1986). Self-efficacy. Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory.(pp. 390-453) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃耀宗(2014)。國民小學行政人員角色知覺、工作壓力與自我效能相關之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-142。 
  2. 張雅芬(2005)。精神科護理人員自我效能與自覺職業危害之研究。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2005。1-148。 
  3. 黃素珍(2003)。護理督導理想角色之初探。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2003。1-122。
  4. 張嘉怡(2012)。內外控人格特質、自我效能與角色衝突因應策略之研究-以新北市雙和分區在職進修教師為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-133。
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