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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑芳(民86). 脊髓損傷患者的不確定感,情緒安適與因應方式之相關性探討. 國立陽明大學臨床護理研究所碩士論文. 周德程(民83). 解剖生理學.台北:昭人. 柯乃熒、蕭琪、許淑蓮(民86). 不確定感之概念分析. 護理雜誌, 44(1), 92-97.
  2. 許淑蓮、黃秀梨 (民85). Mishel疾病不確定感量表之中文版測試. 護理研究, 4(1), 59-68.
  3. 蔡琇文(民87). 癌症疼痛特質、不確定感及心理困擾之相關性探討. 台北醫學院護理研究所碩士論文. 謝式洲、邱浩遠、李經維、薛澤杰、徐秀雲(民83). 斷指再接植手術後功能恢復的評估. 中華重建整形外科醫誌, 3(1), 4-11.
  4. 台北:華杏出版股份有限公司 . 盧成皆(民86). 線性複迴歸所需樣本數目之探討. 護理研究, 5(4), 377-382.
  5. 盧成皆、林京芬(民87). 關於Cronbach''s Alpha的使用與闡釋.護理研究, 6(1), 82-89.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖雅惠(2004)。脊髓損傷病患不確定感及因應策略探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2004。1-115。 
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