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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑芳(民86). 脊髓損傷患者的不確定感,情緒安適與因應方式之相關性探討. 國立陽明大學臨床護理研究所碩士論文. 周德程(民83). 解剖生理學.台北:昭人. 柯乃熒、蕭琪、許淑蓮(民86). 不確定感之概念分析. 護理雜誌, 44(1), 92-97.
  2. 柯薰貴(民84). 乳房腫瘤婦女術前不確定感,調適策略及其相關性之探討. 高雄醫學院護理研究所碩士論文. 孫瑞昇(民82). 手部外傷急診之處理. 醫學繼續教育, 3(2), 181-189.
  3. 許淑蓮、黃秀梨 (民85). Mishel疾病不確定感量表之中文版測試. 護理研究, 4(1), 59-68.
  4. 陳雪(民85). 心肌梗塞患者住院期間不確定感經驗與照顧需求之研究. 高雄醫學院護理研究所碩士論文. 陳莉莉(民86). 手部職業外傷患者創傷後反應量表之發展. 國立陽明大學臨床護理研究所碩士論文. 陳莉莉、林麗嬋(民86). 手部職業創傷患者的衝擊及護理. 護理雜誌, 44(5), 83-88.
  5. 劉保梅(民84). 急性心肌梗塞患者的壓力源、不確定感及壓力感受. 高雄醫學院護理研究所碩士論文.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖雅惠(2004)。脊髓損傷病患不確定感及因應策略探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2004。1-115。 
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