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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江惠英?鍾信心(民86).血液透析病人疲倦感與社會支持、憂鬱傾向及血液生化檢驗值相關性探討.護理研究,5(2),115-126.
  2. 宋瑞樓(民86).在台灣控制肝細胞癌及肝硬化盛行有關的研究與措施及其成效 .台灣醫學,1(1),1-9.
  3. 蔡琇文(民87) .癌症疼痛特質?不確定感?與心理困擾之相關性探討.台北醫學院護理研究所碩士論文. 賴裕和(民87).門診接受化學治療病人之症狀困擾及居家護理需求探討.護理研究,6(4),279-288.
  4. 鍾麗娟?高紀惠(民84).血液透析患者疲憊定義特徵及相關因素之臨床效度測定.長庚護理,6(2),13-25.
  5. 二 英文部份 Abbey, S. E., & Garfinkel, P. E.(1991). Chronic fatigue syndrome and depression : Cause, effect , or covariate. Review of Infectious Diseaes , 13 (supp.1),s73-83.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳詩萍(2014)。檢視初次接受化學治療癌症老年病人壓力感受、因應行為與症狀困擾之相關性。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  2. 黃怡靜(2011)。早期肺癌術後患者的症狀嚴重度、心理困擾與照護需求之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-76。 
  3. 邱萱宸(2009)。肺癌病患主要照顧者照護需求及其相關因素探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-77。 
  4. 黃采薇(2000)。比較背部按摩與放鬆訓練處置對化學治療期間疲憊程度改善之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2000。1-220。
  5. 戈依莉(2000)。產後疲倦與身心情境因素之相關性。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系學位論文。2000。1-137。
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