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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李從業(民86). 以健康信念模式分析台北市小學女性老師乳房自我檢查行為. 護理研究, 5(4), 366-375。
  2. 林瑞雄、張金堅、季瑋珠、(民82).乳癌之病例對照研究.行政院衛生署82年委託研究計劃, 編號DoH82-HP-111。 吳南宏、盧華、張翠珍、張瑩如、張智仁(民84).乳房自我檢查衛生教育對婦女乳房自我檢查知識動機及技巧之影響.中華衛誌, 14(5), 407-415。
  3. 蔡宜樺、楊銘欽、季瑋珠(1998).乳癌確診後之初期罹病成本與相關因子之探討-以臺大醫院病患為例.中華衛誌, 17(3), 242-251。
  4. 英文部分 Alagna, S., Morokoff, P. J., & Bevett, J. M. (1987). Performance of breast examination by women at high risk for breast cancer. Woman and Health, 12, 29-47。
  5. American Cancer Society. (1995). Cancer facts & figures. Atlanta, Georgia: ACS。 Baines, C., Miller, A., & Bassett, A.(1989). Physical examination:It is role as a single screening motality in the Canadian National screening study. Cancer, 63, 1816-1822。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林聖章(2007)。基隆市民眾接受癌症篩檢之影響因素。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-112。 
  2. 吳雪菁(2003)。探討乳癌高危險群婦女之風險認知及心理困擾。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2003。1-1。
  3. 陳綉鵑(2006)。以健康信念模式探討影響孕期體重控制之相關因素。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-135。
  4. 周宜慧(2008)。以健康信念模式探討女大學生執行乳房自我檢查認知與行為—以中部某大學大一為例。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-128。
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