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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱怡玟、蔡素華、李選(民88)?探討慢性阻塞性肺疾病住院患者之憂鬱狀況與日常生活功能的相關性?護理研究,7(2),145-155。
  2. 張雪真節譯(民83)?歐美國家醫療体制與保險制度?台北:行政院衛生署。 曾淑津、黃秀梨(民86)?慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者的疾病認知、醫囑遵從行為及心理感受之探討?護理研究,5(4),308-319。
  3. 蕭光明(民85)?慢性阻塞性肺疾病?胸腔醫學,11(4),230∼239。 魏玲玲等合譯(1989)?下呼吸道疾病病人的護理?盧美秀總檢閱,內外科護理(中冊)?台北:華杏。 戴玉慈、張丹蓉、羅美芳(民87)?台灣地區之出院準備服務-試行計劃成果分析?慈濟醫學,10(1),61-67。
  4. 嚴毋過(民83)?台北市各公、私立醫院慢性病患者住院就醫狀況暨對長期照護需求分析?台北:台北市政府衛生局。 嚴毋過、吳淑瓊、許菁菁、陳宏輝(民85)?台北市公私立醫院非急性病人的盛行率?長期照護需要與態度?護理研究,4(2),151-159。
  5. Bull, M.J.(1994). Patients’ and professionals’ perceptions of quality in discharge planning. Jorunal of Nursing Care Quality,8(2), 47-61.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳綱華(2010)。發展與建構慢性阻塞性肺疾患自我管理量表與模式。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-254。
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