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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李梅琛(2000)?胃部手術後病患使用疼痛因應策略極其影響因素探討. 臺北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。 林美良、黃秀梨(1993)?系統性護理措施對接經倒管動脈栓塞術肝癌病患的影響. 國立台灣大學護理學研究所碩士論文。 林碧珠(1996)?人工髖關節置換術患者的衛生教育. 榮總護理,13(4),424-428。
  2. 范金環、蔡芸芳(1998)?肌肉鬆弛處置對於改善剖腹產術後急性疼痛的成效之探討. 慈濟醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。 梁靜祝(1981)?探討肌肉鬆弛法對手術後疼痛的效用. 國防醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。 陳惠美、馬鳳岐、郭英調、石宜銘(1999)?乳癌術後婦女身心社會調適之探討. 護理研究,7(4),321-332。
  3. 張媚(1999)?衛教的原則與策略. 中華民國內分泌暨糖尿病學會會訊,12(1),83-89。
  4. 馮容芬.(1995).運用研究結果護理手術前焦慮之病患. 護理雜誌,42(4),54-57。
  5. 楊星瑜、黃秀梨.(1995).呼吸鬆弛處置改善心臟手術病患疼痛的成效探討. 國立台灣大學護理學研究所碩士論文。 劉嘉惠、龍佛衛、黃正仁(1995)?放鬆訓練對失眠的改善探討. 高雄醫學院行為科學研究所碩士論文。 鄭素月(2000)?探討乳癌病人的疾病和治療特質、社會支持、自我效能與生活品質之關係. 臺北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。 蔡欣玲、邱淑芬、林惠蘭、周淩瀛(1996)?系統性護理指導對緩解手術病人焦慮之成效. 榮總護理,13(4),379-389。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳家麗(2010)。以系統性衛教模式改善心導管檢查病人之焦慮程度與滿意程度。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-101。 
  2. 郭淑柳(2002)。疼痛衛教及放鬆訓練對改善癌症疼痛之效果探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2002。1-156。
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