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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王亭貴、陳思遠、蕭淑芳、林光華、郭壽雄、連倚南.(1999). 慢性阻塞性肺疾患者心肺訓練新模式之療效. 復健醫學會雜誌, 27(2), 71-77.
  2. 行政院衛生署.(1993, 1996, 1998). 衛生資訊-衛生統計-死因統計. 台北:衛生署. 衛沛文. ( 2000 ). 勞工代謝基本資料之研究( 二 ). 行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所委託. 台北: 普林. 吳英黛、賴金鑫、連倚南. ( 1996 ). 慢性阻塞性肺疾患者對極限運動和穩定狀態時低限運動的心肺功能反應. 中華民國物理治療學會雜誌, 21( 3 ), 23-31.
  3. 邱怡玟、蔡素華、李選. ( 1999 ). 探討慢性阻塞性肺疾病住院患者之憂鬱狀況與日常生活功能之相關性. 護理研究, 7( 2 ), 145-156.
  4. 邱飄逸、郭素娥. ( 1999 ). 慢性阻塞性肺部疾病病患之營養策略. 護理雜誌, 46( 3 ), 53-60.
  5. 邱豔芬. ( 1995 ). 身體評估:護理上之應用. 台北:華杏. 林富美、林則彬、賴亮全. ( 1994 ). 蓋統生理學:生理及病理機轉. 台北:華杏. 林孟志、廖美雲、黃崇旂、蔡熒煌. ( 1997 ). 中重度慢性阻塞性肺病患者多方位肺部復健計畫的評估. 台灣醫學會雜誌, 96( 11 ), 869-873.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊文齡(2010)。慢性阻塞性肺疾病患主要照顧者負荷及其相關因素之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-126。 
  2. 何瓊華(2001)。慢性阻塞性肺疾病老年患者出院二星期內日常活動之經驗。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2001。1-101。
  3. 歐良榮(2002)。比較時間增長型與強度增強型運動訓練計畫對慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者成效之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2002。1-109。
  4. 施淑娟(2002)。比較時間增長型及強度增強型運動訓練計劃對心臟衰竭病患之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2002。1-102。
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